ATOPIC DERMATITIS

Atopic dermatitis is a form of eczema which is a CHRONIC condition, characterized by an intensely itchy, red scaly rash that typically occurs in infants on the cheeks, stomach or back and the outer surfaces of the arms and legs, and in older children behind the knees and in the folds of the elbows.

The characteristic main symptom is ITCH Scratching or rubbing the skin makes the rash worse – injuring the skin – worsening the itch!

Common Triggers

Food allergy (only about 40% of the time)
Irritants (Soaps, detergents, chemicals, wool fibers)
Dust-mites, animal dander or other environmental exposures including mold spores or pollens
Temperature changes, sweating
Dry skin, Stress
Skin infection

Treatment

Keeping the skin moisturized and well-hydrated is the cornerstone of treatment.
Daily bath (see below) Use only mild, unscented or hypo-allergenic soap (i.e.; Dove, Cetaphil, Neutrogena)
Application of medicated and non-medicated moisturizers (preferably ointments)
Avoidance of offending triggers
Dust-mite control measures
Minimize stress
Keep nails trimmed and clean
Observe for signs of infection (oozing, yellow pus or worsening of rash)

Medications That May Be Prescribed

Moisturizing ointments or creams – trap water into the skin after the bath
Anti-histamines – help control itching
Topical Steroids – reduce inflammation, itching
Topical Non-steroidal creams – reduce inflammation, itching
Antibiotics – treat infection

Individual Treatment Plan

Individual Treatment Plan
Bath in warm water 15-20 minutes, pat skin dry (do not rub)
Within 3 minutes, apply: _________________________________________
Then apply: _________________________________________
Other instructions:

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